What do the pictures on the Tarot cards actually show? The 22 cards of the Major Arcana — which just means The Important Mystery — use archetypal images like The Empress, The Hermit, The Sun, The Moon, The Star, to describe the path of a human life as a spiritual journey. It shows patterns of growth, challenge, development, support, and possibility.
The 56 other cards, the Minor Arcana — any, yes, you’re right; that means The Little Mystery — are divided into four different metaphorical categories. They show the temptations and benefits of four quadrants of human experience — the spiritual (fire), the physical (earth), the mental (air), and the emotional (water).
Pretty good for 78 pieces of cardboard covered with pictures.